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 Early Adolescent Friendship and Self-Esteem

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
د. فرغلى هارون
المدير العـام

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ذكر عدد الرسائل : 3278
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/05/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Early Adolescent Friendship and Self-Esteem   10/12/2009, 1:51 pm



Early Adolescent Friendship and Self-Esteem
By Abraham, Michelle M.
PHD, Kent State University, College of Arts and Sciences / Department of Psychology, 2008.
Pages: 75p.
377.00 kB PDF file



Abstract:
The study goal was testing several competing hypotheses regarding how positive and negative friendship qualities and stability relate to early adolescent self-esteem. Hypothesis 1, Consensual Validation Model, proposed participating in higher positive quality friendships enhances self-esteem. Hypothesis 2, Differential Association Model, proposed higher positive quality friendships increases impact of negative quality, resulting in lower self-esteem. Hypothesis 3, Engagement Model, proposed friendships lower in positive and negative quality would lower self-esteem. Hypothesis 4, Embeddedness Model, proposed stable friendships bolster self-esteem through social standing. Hypothesis 5, Moderation Model, proposed stability moderates the relationship between friendship quality and self-esteem, such that the first hypotheses would be supported only if friendship was stable.


143 seventh and eighth graders completed questionnaires, in fall and in spring. At Time 1, students reported friendships, friendship quality, and self-esteem. At Time 2, students reported friendship stability, self-esteem, and socially desirable responding. Hypotheses were tested using positive and negative quality and stability of the best friendship predicting global self-esteem.

When best friendship quality and stability were used to predict global self-esteem, none of the hypotheses were supported. Post hoc analyses tested the hypotheses using best friendship to predict perceived social acceptance rather than global self-esteem. These subsidiary analyses found best friendship positive quality predicted reporting higher perceived social acceptance. In addition, best friendship negative quality demonstrated a marginal association with lower perceived social acceptance. Best friendship positive quality interacted with best friendship stability to predict higher perceived social acceptance, with stable friendships higher in positive quality reporting highest self-esteem.

Additional post hoc analyses were performed with the best friend network predicting perceived social acceptance. Friendship network positive quality predicted higher perceived social acceptance, and network negative quality predicted lower perceived social acceptance. Both findings suggest quality and stability are important to consider with adolescent friendship and self-esteem.

Reports support the Consensual Validation Model which suggests participating in higher positive quality friendships would enhance self-esteem. There was no support of interaction of positive and negative quality, which suggests independent on self-esteem. A final conclusion was it is important to consider the friendship network when examining early adolescent friendship and self-esteem.

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Early Adolescent Friendship and Self-Esteem
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