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 The Role of Affect in Self-Regulation

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د. فرغلى هارون
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ذكر عدد الرسائل : 3278
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/05/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: The Role of Affect in Self-Regulation   6/9/2010, 11:44 pm




The Role of Affect in Self-Regulation
By Brown, Christina Marie
Doctor of Philosophy, Miami University, Psychology, 2009.
Pages: 82p.
464.66 kB PDF file


Abstract:
Affect has long been thought to play a pivotal role in the self-regulation process, but its exact function is unclear. One perspective (Objective Self-Awareness Theory; Duval & Wicklund, 1972) is that self-regulation is motivated by a desire to eliminate negative affect produced by a self-discrepancy, a proposal that has not been tested directly. As such, the current work tested the proposal that negative affect directs self-regulation. Study 1 found that participants who received failure feedback about an important ability experienced more negative emotions, but they still chose to practice (i.e., self-regulate) when they believed their emotions were unchangeable. This suggests that negative emotions triggered by a self-discrepancy do not motivate self-regulation.


In Study 2, participants received failure feedback about their performance on a test measuring an important ability. They then reported their current emotions as well as how they expected to feel if they performed well or poorly on a subsequent reassessment. Participants' current emotions did not predict how much they practiced before the reassessment, but their expectations about how negative they would feel if they failed the reassessment did predict greater self-regulation. These findings suggest that anticipated emotions are a better predictor of self-regulation than current emotions. However, participants' current emotions after failure informed the emotions they expected to feel if they failed again, suggesting that one role of current emotions in self-regulation may be to stimulate learning.

Finally, Study 3 found that participants practiced more when their emotions were positive and when they had no prior feedback about their ability in the domain in which they were being tested. However, negative emotions predicted practice effort among participants whose chronic attention to their affect and beliefs about the effectiveness of practice were relatively greater. These results suggest that, contrary to OSA theory, negative emotions do not motivate self-regulation and people tend to self-regulate more when their emotions are more positive. In addition, self-regulation may be influenced by anticipated emotions more than by current emotions. However, an exception exists such that negative emotions predict more self-regulation when people are attending to their emotions and believe self-regulation is possible.

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