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 Effect of Gratitude on Subjective Well-Being among Children, MA

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ذكر عدد الرسائل : 3278
تاريخ التسجيل : 07/05/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Effect of Gratitude on Subjective Well-Being among Children, MA   31/10/2010, 3:47 pm




Effect of Gratitude on Subjective Well-Being among Children
MA, by Filozof, Eileen Emery


Masters in Psychology, Marietta College, Psychology, 2009.
Pages: 88p.
397.03 kB PDF file


Abstract:
A total of 127 2nd - 4th graders were randomly assigned to 10 days of journaling in either a Gratitude, Hassles, or control (i.e. Free-write) condition to investigate if the happiness (i.e. subjective well-being, SWB) of the Gratitude journalers would increase more than it would for students who maintained a contrasting affect or control journal. SWB measures were satisfaction with life (SWL), positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA). Mean SWB tended to change in the predicted direction; however, these changes were inconsistent and did not vary significantly by condition.


Gratitude journalers' SWL increased for girls and decreased for boys. NA reducing benefits of Hassle journaling were greater for girls. Three of four Gratitude journalers expressed a positive emotional impact from journaling. Unexpectedly, so did three-fifths of Hassle journalers. Although underlying reasons varied, they help explain the insufficient differentiation in affect by condition. Journal entries indicated one-tenth of both the Gratitude and Hassle journal content was not indicative of intended affect. Affect prompts were effective but imperfect. Affect changes attributed to condition were likely confounded by limitations of the induction method.

Reasons for the inconclusive main findings may include students' age and the brevity of the intervention. Given the innocuous, child-centered nature of the intervention, and its fit with educational methods, there may be a role - primarily for girls - for gratitude journaling to enhance SWL and for hassles journaling to decrease negative affect. Journaling about negative, self-selected, or salient emotions may reduce negative affect, thus enhance SWB as effectively as journaling about positive emotions.

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Effect of Gratitude on Subjective Well-Being among Children, MA
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