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 The political sociology of juvenile punishment: treating juvenile offenders as adults , PhD

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مُساهمةموضوع: The political sociology of juvenile punishment: treating juvenile offenders as adults , PhD   24/11/2010, 11:14 pm




The political sociology of juvenile punishment: treating juvenile offenders as adults
By Carmichael, Jason T.
Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, Sociology, 2006.
Pages: 202p.
1.03 MB PDF file


Abstract:
Numerous studies have investigated the determinants of formal social control employed by the state to control its citizens. Only a small number have used explanations derive from conflict theory and political sociology. I follow this research tradition by hypothesizing that the threat produced by racial and ethnic minorities leads to increases in the demand for formal control mechanisms including more punitive responses to juvenile crime through adult sanctioning. I also consider broader political arguments that link the variation in punitive outcomes to differences in political arraignments across jurisdictions. While the punishment of juvenile offenders has increasingly become an issue of major concern to the public, there are few studies that test the governments coercive response to this particular type of offending. This dissertation addresses this issue by examining the treatment of juvenile offenders in the adult criminal system. First, I use pooled time-series negative binomial regression to analyze raw counts of juveniles admitted to adult prisons. Second, I use multivariate regression to predict the length of sentence that violent juvenile offenders receive in adult criminal courts. Finally, I use zero-inflated negative binomial regression to analyze the probability that states used the death penalty against juvenile when this practice was still constitutional.


Results consistently show that states with larger minority populations admit more juvenile offenders to prisons and had a greater probability of using the juvenile death penalty. The findings also show that differences in the ideological climate of each state are a strong predictor of the variation in adult sanctions for juvenile offenders. Specifically, the strength of the Republican Party in each state and the presence of a conservative public are both strong predictors of all three of the outcomes at issue here. Additional evidence shows that states where judges must run in an election to gain their seats proscribe more severe sanctions on juvenile offenders. Theoretical implications for these findings are discussed.


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The political sociology of juvenile punishment: treating juvenile offenders as adults , PhD
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